cat oral health

Cat Dental Chart: Understanding Your Cat’s Oral Health

yawning brown tabby kitten


Just like humans, cats also require proper dental care to maintain their oral health. Regular dental care is essential for preventing dental issues and promoting overall well-being in cats. Understanding a cat dental chart can help cat owners identify potential dental problems and take appropriate measures to keep their feline friends’ teeth and gums healthy. This article provides an overview of a cat dental chart and the importance of cat dental care.

The Cat Dental Chart

A cat dental chart is a visual representation of a cat’s mouth, showing the different types of teeth and their locations. The chart consists of two sections: the upper jaw (maxilla) and the lower jaw (mandible). Each section is divided into quadrants, with the teeth numbered accordingly. The cat dental chart typically includes the following information:

  1. Incisors: These are the small, sharp teeth located at the front of the mouth. Cats have six incisors on the top and six on the bottom.
  2. Canines: Also known as fangs, canines are the long, pointed teeth located on the sides of the incisors. Cats have two canines in each quadrant.
  3. Premolars: Premolars are larger teeth situated behind the canines. Cats have two premolars in each quadrant, totaling eight premolars in the mouth.
  4. Molars: Molars are the largest teeth at the back of the mouth. Cats have one molar in each quadrant, making a total of four molars.

The dental chart helps veterinarians and cat owners identify specific teeth when discussing dental issues or treatment options.

Importance of Cat Dental Care

Proper dental care is crucial for cats to prevent dental diseases and maintain overall health. Here are some reasons why cat dental care is important:

  1. Preventing Dental Diseases: Dental diseases such as periodontal disease, gingivitis, and tooth decay are common in cats. Regular dental care, including brushing their teeth and providing appropriate dental treats, can help prevent these issues.
  2. Pain Prevention: Dental problems can cause significant pain and discomfort for cats. By maintaining good oral hygiene and addressing dental issues promptly, cat owners can help prevent unnecessary pain for their furry companions.
  3. Avoiding Tooth Loss: Untreated dental diseases can lead to tooth loss in cats. This can affect their ability to eat and cause other health issues. Proper dental care can help preserve a cat’s teeth and ensure they can eat and chew comfortably.
  4. Promoting Overall Health: Dental issues in cats can have a direct impact on their overall health. Bacteria from dental infections can enter the bloodstream and affect vital organs such as the heart, liver, and kidneys. By prioritizing dental care, cat owners can contribute to their pet’s overall well-being.

Cat Dental Care Tips

To maintain your cat’s oral health, consider the following tips:

  1. Regular Brushing: Brush your cat’s teeth regularly using a cat-specific toothbrush and toothpaste. Start slowly and make it a positive experience for your cat.
  2. Dental Treats and Toys: Provide dental treats and toys designed to promote dental health. These can help remove plaque and tartar buildup while satisfying your cat’s natural urge to chew.
  3. Veterinary Dental Examinations: Schedule regular dental check-ups with your veterinarian. They can perform professional cleanings, detect early signs of dental issues, and provide appropriate treatments.
  4. Balanced Diet: Feed your cat a balanced diet that promotes dental health. Consult your veterinarian for recommendations on cat food that supports oral hygiene.
  5. Observation: Regularly examine your cat’s mouth for signs of dental problems such as bad breath, red or inflamed gums, tartar buildup, or loose teeth. If you notice any abnormalities, consult your veterinarian.

Remember to always consult with your veterinarian before making any changes to your cat’s dental care routine.


A cat dental chart is an essential tool for cat owners and veterinarians to identify and treat dental issues in cats. By understanding the importance of cat dental care and following simple dental care tips, cat owners can help prevent dental diseases, pain, tooth loss, and promote overall health. Remember to schedule regular dental check-ups with your veterinarian and consult them for recommendations on cat food, dental treats, and appropriate dental care products.